- GEISHA: an evolving gene expression resource for the chicken embryo. [PMID: 24150938]
Parker B Antin, Tatiana A Yatskievych, Sean Davey, Diana K Darnell
Nucleic acids research 2014:42(Database issue)
7 Citations (Google Scholar as of 2016-03-04)
Abstract: GEISHA (Gallus Expression In Situ Hybridization Analysis; http://geisha.arizona.edu) is an in situ hybridization gene expression and genomic resource for the chicken embryo. This update describes modifications that enhance its utility to users. During the past 5 years, GEISHA has undertaken a significant restructuring to more closely conform to the data organization and formatting of Model Organism Databases in other species. This has involved migrating from an entry-centric format to one that is gene-centered. Database restructuring has enabled the inclusion of data pertaining to chicken genes and proteins and their orthologs in other species. This new information is presented through an updated user interface. In situ hybridization data in mouse, frog, zebrafish and fruitfly are integrated with chicken genomic and expression information. A resource has also been developed that integrates the GEISHA interface information with the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man human disease gene database. Finally, the Chicken Gene Nomenclature Committee database and the GEISHA database have been integrated so that they draw from the same data resources.
- GEISHA: an in situ hybridization gene expression resource for the chicken embryo. [PMID: 17675842]
D K Darnell, S Kaur, S Stanislaw, S Davey, J H Konieczka, T A Yatskievych, P B Antin
Cytogenetic and genome research 2007:117(1-4)
45 Citations (Google Scholar as of 2016-03-03)
Abstract: An important and ongoing focus of biomedical and agricultural avian research is to understand gene function, which for a significant fraction of genes remains unknown. A first step is to determine when and where genes are expressed during development and in the adult. Whole mount in situ hybridization gives precise spatial and temporal resolution of gene expression throughout an embryo, and a comprehensive analysis and centralized repository of in situ hybridization information would provide a valuable research tool. The GEISHA project (gallus expression in situ hybridization analysis) was initiated to explore the utility of using high-throughput in situ hybridization as a means for gene discovery and annotation in chicken embryos, and to provide a unified repository for in situ hybridization information. This report describes the design and implementation of a new GEISHA database and user interface (www.geisha.arizona.edu), and illustrates its utility for researchers in the biomedical and poultry science communities. Results obtained from a high throughput screen of microRNA expression in chicken embryos are also presented. Copyright 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.
- GEISHA, a whole-mount in situ hybridization gene expression screen in chicken embryos. [PMID: 14991723]
George W Bell, Tatiana A Yatskievych, Parker B Antin
Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists 2004:229(3)
61 Citations (Google Scholar as of 2016-03-03)
Abstract: Despite the increasing quality and quantity of genomic sequence that is available to researchers, predicting gene function from sequence information remains a challenge. One method for obtaining rapid insight into potential functional roles of novel genes is through gene expression mapping. We have performed a high throughput whole-mount in situ hybridization (ISH) screen with chick embryos to identify novel, differentially expressed genes. Approximately 1,200 5' expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were generated from cDNA clones of a Hamburger and Hamilton (HH) stage 4-7 (late gastrula) chick embryo endoderm-mesoderm library. After screening to remove ubiquitously expressed cDNAs and internal clustering and after comparison to GenBank sequences, remaining cDNAs (representing both characterized and uncharacterized genes) were screened for expression in HH stage 3-14 embryos by automated high throughput ISH. Of 786 cDNAs for which ISH was successfully performed, approximately 30% showed ubiquitous expression, 40% were negative, and approximately 30% showed a restricted expression pattern. cDNAs were identified that showed restricted expression in every embryonic region, including the primitive streak, somites, developing cardiovascular system and neural tube/neural crest. A relational database was developed to hold all EST sequences, ISH images, and corresponding BLAST report information, and to enable browsing and querying of data. A user interface is freely accessible at http://geisha.biosci.arizona.edu. Results show that high throughput whole-mount ISH provides an effective approach for identifying novel genes that are differentially expressed in the developing chicken embryo. Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.